Uganda is a landlocked country located in East Africa. It covers an area of 241,000 square kilometers. It has a population of 30 million people. There are many ethnic groups and the Buganda are the largest with a population 18 percent. This landlocked country gained independence in October 9, 1962. English is the official language and well spoken by majority of the people. About 70 percent of Uganda land is covered by forest, woodland and grassland. Due to the fertile land and regular rainfall in the country, this country major foreign exchange is agriculture. Uganda is the second largest coffee producer in Africa. The natural resources in this country include, copper, limestone, cobalt, phosphate and oil.
Kampala is the capital city of Uganda while Jinja is the source of river Nile and a source of Uganda Nile Beer. Uganda, also referred to as the Pearl of Africa is home to over half of the remaining mountain Gorilla population in the world. Tracking these endangered mountain Gorilla and the chimpanzee is in the Bwindi Impenetrable forest and Kibale National Park. A part from watching the primates, this country accounts for 50 percent of Africa total bird species. In fact, about 1,040 different types of birds have been recorded, making this country a leading destination for bird watching in the whole of Africa.
This country has a variety of landscapes which range from forest, flat and dry Savannah, mountainous and lush landscape attractive to all travelers. It boasts beautiful parks where tourists can watch a variety of wild animals. Visitors traveling to Uganda are required to have a valid visa, evidence of yellow fever and polio vaccination for children under the age of five years. There was a yellow fever outbreak in northern Uganda in December 2010 which killed 48 people. Other recommended vaccinations include; Malaria, Typhoid, Hepatitis A and B, Tetanus, Rabies, Meningitis.
Visitors who want to go on Gorilla tracking are recommended to buy their permits and book early due to limited availability. Only a few tourists are allowed to see the primates. One hour is the maximum time you can spend with the Gorillas. Permits are bought from the Uganda Wildlife Authority and the price is not constant.
Uganda is a world-famous destination for water rafting on the Nile river. There are several companies available in the country where you can book your trip. Nile rafting trips range from half a day up to three days. You can also go biking near the spring of the Nile using a 4 wheeled motor bike also referred to as All Terrain Bike.